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Marilyn Monroe - Hollywood's ultimate superstar and legend

Marilyn Monroe
born Norma Jeane Mortenson, baptized Norma Jeane Baker, Norma Jeane Dougherty, Norma Jeane DiMaggio
(June 1, 1926, Los Angeles, California - August 5, 1962 Brentwood, Los Angeles, California, USA) (aged 36)
Nationality: United States of America
Category: Celebrities,
Occupation: Actors, Melodrama, Comedy
Unique distinction: One of Hollywood's ultimate superstar and legend,  a major sex symbol and icon of beauty in the culture of the 20 th century. Height: 1.66 m ( 5' 5½"). Measurements: 94- 58 -92 (EU); 37-23-36 (US).
Gender: Female
Quotes: 1. A wise girl kisses but doesn't love, listens but doesn't believe, and leaves before she is left. 2. We should all start to live before we get too old. Fear is stupid. So are regrets. 3. If I'd observed all the rules I'd never have got anywhere. 4. Imperfection is beauty, madness is genius and it's better to be absolutely ridiculous than absolutely boring. 5. If you can make a girl laugh, you can make her do anything. 6. I'm selfish, impatient and a little insecure. I make mistakes, I am out of control and at times hard to handle. But if you can't handle me at my worst, then you sure as hell don't deserve me at my best. 7. If you're gonna be two-faced at least make one of them pretty. 8. Love and work are the only two real things in our lives. They belong together, otherwise it is off. Work is in itself a form of love. 9. As Michael Chekhov's pupil, I learned more about acting. I learned psychology, history, and the good manners of art - taste. 10. Wanting to be someone else is a waste of the person you are. 11. A career is wonderful, but you can't curl up with it on a cold night. 12. I'm very definitely a woman and I enjoy it. 13. It's better to be unhappy alone than unhappy with someone. 14. I am good, but not an angel. I do sin, but I am not the devil. I am pretty, but not beautiful. I have friends, but I am not the peacemaker. 15. Women who seek to be equal with men lack ambition. 16. Hollywood is a place where they'll pay you a thousand dollars for a kiss and fifty cents for your soul.          

Achievements:


Social and professional position:  Monroe was an American actress, singer, model and film producer. She  was a national and world icon and a Hollywood legend.
The main contribution to (what is known): Monroe is considered as a modern phenomena, as a specifically American star and "national institution", abeauty iconand sex symbol, "the most photographed person", as a valuable brand and one of the most famous stars of classical Hollywood cinemaicon. Many national film studios began to cultivate several lookalike actresses. She continues to be considered a major popular American and World culture icon.
Contributions:

During her tragic creative life she was able to overcome the image of and dumb and seductive blonde and became a world-famous cultural icon. Her life seems like the desire and attempts of sensitive and insecure woman to protect inner self and deep feelings her real image from the pressures of Hollywood.
Her vulnerability and sensuousness combined with lisp, breathless voice, platinum blonde hair and perfect shape made her  a major sex symbol,
love goddess,  icon of beauty in the modern  culture.
Her early roles were minor, but her performances were well received. In 1950 Monroe played a small uncredited roles won her another contract from Fox and much recognition.
Later she embarked on the films that would consolidate her place in the history of American popular culture. She was noted for her seductive film roles and distinctively breathy singing style.
With performances in Gentlemen Prefer Blondes (1953), How to Marry a Millionaire (1953), and There’s No Business Like Show Business (1954), her fame grew steadily and spread throughout the world.
Her dramatic performance in William Inge's Bus Stop was hailed by critics, and she won a Golden Globe Award for her performance in Some Like it Hot. Her last role, in The Misfits (1961), was written by Miller.
In their first runs, Monroe’s 23 movies grossed a total of more than $200 million, and her fame surpassed that of any other entertainer of her time.

Honors and Awards: 1960 Golden Globe, Best Motion Picture Actress in Comedy or Musical for Some Like It Hot, Star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame (in 1960, 6774 Hollywood Blvd.)
Major works: Niagara (1952), Gentlemen Prefer Blondes (1953), The Seven Year Itch (1955), Bus Stop (1956), Some Like It Hot (1959),  The Misfits (1961).

Life:


Origin: Marilyn Monroe was born Norma Jean Mortenson, and  baptized as Norma Jeane Baker in the Los Angeles County Hospital on June 1, 1926. Her Mother Gladys Pearl Baker, née Monroe, (1902–1984) married a Martin E. Mortenson in 1924, but they had separated before Gladys' pregnancy.  Monroe's birth certificate names the father as Edward Mortenson (Norwegian), but later Marilyn denied that Mortenson was her father. At the age of two weeks, Norma was given to a foster family, where she lived for 6 years.
Education: Monroe enrolled at UCLA in 1951 where she studied literature and art appreciation. She  had leaned toward the Stanislavsky approach as far back as her affiliation with both M. Carnovsky in the late 1940s and Michael Chekhov in the early 1950s. She attended Lee Strasberg's Actors' Studio in New York City  and formed Marilyn Monroe Productions.

Career highlights:

While her husband Dougherty was in the Merchant Marine, Norma Jeane found employment in the Radioplane Munitions Factory. During this time, Army photographer David Conover snapped a photograph of her for a Yank magazine article. 
She became a popular photographer’s model and in 1946 signed her first short-term contract with Twentieth Century Fox, taking as her screen name Marilyn Monroe. She divorcing James Dougherty in  1946.
Her nude photograph on a calendar brought her a role in the film Scudda-Hoo! Scudda-Hay! (1948), which was followed by other minor roles.
In 1948 Monroe signed a six-month contract with Columbia Pictures, and was introduced to the studio's head drama coach, Natasha Lytess, who became her acting coach for several years.
First Major Screen Credit: The Fireball (1950)
Career Highlights: The Seven Year Itch (1955), Bus Stop (1956), Some Like It Hot (1959), and The Misfits (1960).


Personal life:

She did not complete high school, marrying James Dougherty in 1942 at 16 years old (m. 1942, div. 1946). Later she married retired baseball hero Joe DiMaggio in January 1954. (m. 14-Jan-1954, div. 27-Oct-1954). In 1956 she  married playwright Arthur Miller and  had divorced he in 24-Jan-1961.
The final years of Monroe's life were marked by illness, personal problems. She was apparently unable to reconcile her image as sex goddess "Marilyn Monroe" with her own identity.
The typecasting of Monroe's "dumb blonde" persona limited her career prospects, so she deliberately broadened her creative range. But It is known that her personal library contained over 400 books on topics ranging from art to history, psychology, philosophy, literature, religion, poetry, and gardening. Many of the volumes, auctioned in 1999, bore her pencil notations in the margins.
Her death at age 36,  only increased her mystique.
Though officially classified as a "probable suicide," the possibility of an accidental barbituate overdose, as well as the possibility of homicide, have not been ruled out.
There are five versions of the cause of her death, including medical errors.
Remains: Buried, Westwood Memorial Park, Los Angeles, CA.


Zest: She was suggested as a possible wife for Prince Rainier of Monaco. He later married actress Grace Kelly. Fearing blemishes, she washed her face fifteen times a day. Thought the right side of her face was her "best" side. Wore glasses. When she died in 1962 at age 36, she left an estate valued at $1.6 million. She died with the phone in her hand. "Candle in the Wind", the Elton John song written about her, was lyrically changed to fit Princess Diana upon her death. Coincidentally, both legends died at age 36.