Born on 17 July 1954, Hamburg, West Germany
Unique distinction: The first female Chancellor of Germany, the de facto leader and one of the architects of the European Union. Height: 1.65 m (5’ 5″). Religion: Lutheranism
Achievements and contributions:
The main contribution to (what is known): She is the leader of Europe’s most powerful country and the de facto leader and one of the architects of the European Union.
Contributions: Merkel has mastered the German political system and establishes a one of the most powerful liberal market-economies. In her style of government she has demonstrated her willingness and pragmatism.
Honors and Awards: In 2008 Merkel received the Charlemagne Prize “for her work to reform the European Union”. Merkel topped Forbes magazine’s list of “The World’s 100 Most Powerful Women” 10 times as No. 1.: in 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016. Forbes also has named her the second most powerful person in the world as of 2012. (#1 Barack Abama). She received Indira Gandhi Peace Prize (2013). In December 2015, Merkel was named Person of the Year (by Time). In May 2016, Merkel was named the most powerful woman in the world (by Forbes).
Major works: She is the leader of Europe’s most populous and economically powerful country. She has mastered the German political system and establishes a one of the most powerful liberal market-economies.
Career and Personal life:
Education: She was educated in Templin and at the University of Leipzig, where she studied physics from 1973 to 1978.
Profession: Physical chemist.
Career highlights: She worked and studied at the Central Institute for Physical Chemistry of the Academy of Sciences in Berlin-Adlershof from 1978 to 1990. After being awarded a doctorate in 1986 for her thesis on quantum chemistry she worked as a researcher.
In 1989, Merkel got involved in the growing democracy movement after the fall of the Berlin Wall. In 1990 she joined the Christian Democratic Union (CDU) and in this year was elected to parliament. Her first mentor in politics was Lothar de Maizière, who headed the East German branch of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU).
From 1991 – 1994 she was Federal Minister for Women and Youth and from 1994 – 1998 – Federal Minister for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety. From 1998 – 2000 she was the General Secretary of the CDU Germany. She was a protégé of Chancellor Helmut Kohl, who was heralded as the architect of reunification. But in 1999 after a finance scandal in CDU, Merkel distanced herself from Kohl and was named party leader in 2000.
Since 2000 she was the Chairwoman of the CDU Germany and Chairman of the CDU-CSU (Christian Social Union) parliamentary coalition from 2002 to 2005. In the 2005 elections she led the CDU and its sister party, the Christian Social Union, to a narrow victory over the Social Democrats. On Nov. 22, 2005, she became the first woman Chancellor of Germany. Her mandate was renewed in the parliamentary elections of 2009.
In 2007, Merkel was also President of the European Council and chaired the G8, the second woman to chair the G8, after Margaret Thatcher.
Angela Merkel is the current Chancellor of Germany (22 November 2005) and chairwoman of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU) since 10 April 2000.
in 2009 CDU was re-elected with an increased number of seats, and could form a governing coalition with the FDP.
In the election of 2013 the CDU/CSU parties emerged as winners and Merkel was sworn in for a third term in December 2013.
On 26 March 2014, Merkel became the longest-serving incumbent head of government in the European Union.
Due to her open door immigration policy, Merkel’s approval rating dropped to 47% (August 2016).
On 24 September 2017 German Federal elections Angela Merkel wins fourth term as Germany’s chancellor. The CDU/CSU led by Angela Merkel, win 33% of the vote.
Personal life: In 1977, Angela Kasner married physics student Ulrich Merkel. They divorced in 1982. Her second and current husband is Joachim Sauer – quantum chemist and professor. They married privately on 30 December 1998.
Zest: She is fluent in Russian and English. As a youth, Merkel was nicknamed “Kasi”. She is a football (soccer) enthusiast. She is indeed “a quarter Polish”. Her grandfather was a Ludwig Kazmierczak, police-officer.
Merkel has been described as the de facto leader of the European Union. Some have referred to her as “The Iron Frau”.