The K-J method

Affinity Diagram Method was developed as the the Affinity Diagram by Japanese anthropologist Jiro Kawakita in the 1960s and has become one of...

The Pin card technique

Basic Types of Brainstorming: Pin card technique  Pin-Card technique is another variation of Brainwriting method developed by the Battelle Institute (H. Geschka, et al., 1981) The...

Blue slips technique

Blue slips technique as the type of group brainstorming  Method was developed by C. C. Crawford of the University of Southern California (USA) in the 1920s. It...

Rotating roles

Rotating roles, variations and procedure steps Rotating between roles allows participants to bring forward different views in that role or position as a process owner...

Rolestorming technique

Rolestorming technique: he essence and procedure steps This method was developed by Griggs (1985) and described by VanGundy (1988). Participants take on another identity and view problems...

The Buzz session

Buzz session as type of brainstorming This method was developed by J.D. Phillips (1948). A small group drawn from a larger group that discuss a specific...

Nominal group technique

Nominal group technique: fundamental principles, essential characteristics and procedure steps This technique was originally developed by A. L. Delbecq and A. H. VandeVen  (1971),  and has...

Group passing technique

Group passing technique and its versions The Group passing technique involves sitting in a circle or around a table and offering solutions in a fast...

Round-Robin and Roundtable brainstorming

Round-Robin brainstorming, the verbal and written versions Spencer Kagan (1992) popularized the use of the terms Roundrobin (to refer to an spoken turn-taking strategy) and...

Constrained brainwriting

Brainwriting pool technique with constraints This method is a version  of standard Brainwriting pool technique. Participants constrain ideas around pre-determined focus, rather than ranging freely. Process...

Brainwriting game

Brainwriting game technique This method is set in the form of competitive game.  As long as the game atmosphere is fun rather than overly competitive,...

6-3-5 Brainwriting

Method 635 or 6-3-5 Method This is a group creativity technique originally developed by  Bernd Rohrbach (1968). The name Brainwriting 6-3-5 comes from the process of having 6...