Wilhelm Wundt – Founder of experimental and cultural psychology

Wilhelm Wundt Wilhelm Maximilian (Max) Wundt (August 16, 1832, Nekarau, near Mannheim, Baden -31 August 1920, Großbothen near Leipzig, Germany) Nationality: Germany Category: Scientists Occupation:  Physiologists, Psychologists Specification: Experimental psychology Unique...

Oswald Kulpe – Founder of the Würzburg school

Oswald Kulpe (August 3, 1862, Kandau, Courland, Germany, now Kandava, Latvia) - December 30, 1915, Munich, Germany) (aged 53 ) Nationality: Germany Category: Scientists Occupation:  Psychologists Specification: Wurzburg school,...

Pierre de Fermat – One of the greatest mathematicians of all times

Pierre de Fermat (17 August 1601 (or 1608), Beaumont-de-Lomagne, France -12 January 1665, Castres, France) Nationality: France Category: Scientists Occupation: Lawyers, Mathematics Unique distinction: One of the greatest mathematicians...

Mikhail Lomonosov – Founder of Russian science

Mikhail Lomonosov Mikhail Vasilyevich Lomonosov (19 November 1711, Denisovka, Arkhangelsk Governorate , Russia - 15 April 1765, St. Petersburg, Russia) (aged 53) Nationality: Russia Category: Scientists Occupation:  Chemists,...

Hippocrates of Cos – The father of Western medicine

Hippocrates Hippocrates of Cos (ca. 460/ 450 BC , Island of  Cos, Ancient Greece - 377/370 BC, Larissa, Thessaly, Greece) Nationality: Greece Category: Scientists Occupation: Physicians, Philosophers Unique distinction:...

Herbert Spencer – Founder of Social Darwinism and Synthetic Philosophy

Herbert Spencer (27 April 1820, Derby, Derbyshire, England - 8 December 1903, Brighton, Sussex, England) (aged 83) Nationality: United Kingdom Category: Scientists Occupation: Sociologists, Philosophers, Psychologists Specification: Associative psychology Unique...

Irnerius – Italian Lawyer and cofounder of the University of Bologna

Irnerius Guarnerius or Warnerius (c. 1050 – after 1125) Nationality: Italy Category: Scientists Occupation: Lawyers Unique distinction: Founder of the School of Glossators, 1088 (later University of Bologna), the...

Franz Brentano – Predecessor of phenomenology and founder of act psychology

Franz Brentano Franz Clemens Honoratus Hermann Brentano (16 January 1838, Marienberg am Rhein, Hesse-Nassau Germany - March 17, 1917, Zurich, Switzerland) (aged 79) Nationality: Germany Category: Scientists Occupation:...

Gregor Mendel – The father of modern genetics

Gregor Mendel Gregor Johann Mendel (July 20/22, 1822, Heinzendorf bei Odrau, Austrian Silesia, Austria-Hungary - January 6, 1884, Brünn, Bohemia Austria-Hungary (aged 61) Nationality: Czech Republic, Austria Category:...

Sigmund Freud – Founder of Psychoanalysis

Sigmund Freud Sigismund Shlomo Freud (May 6, 1856, Freiberg, Austro-Hungary (now Příbor, Czech Republic) - September 23, 1939, London, England) (aged 83) Citizenship: Austria Category: Scientists Occupation: Psychiatrists,...

William James – One of the founders of Functional psychology

William James (January 11, 1842, New York City, New York, USA - August 26, 1910, Chokorua, New Hampshire) (aged 68) Nationality: United States of America Category:...

Ibn Khaldun – The Father of Cultural History and Historiography

Ibn Khaldun Abu-Zaid Abd-al-Rahman ibn Muhammad ibn-Khaldun (27 May 1332, Tunis -17 March 1406, Cairo, Egypt) Nationality: Tunisia Category: Scientists Occupation: Historian, Sociologists, Politicians Unique distinction: The father of...