William James – One of the founders of Functional psychology

William James (January 11, 1842, New York City, New York, USA - August 26, 1910, Chokorua, New Hampshire) (aged 68) Nationality: United States of America Category:...

Anaximander – Founder of Cosmology and Hylozoism

Anaximander Anaximander of Miletos (610/609 BC Miletus, Asia Minor (Now Balat, Turkey) -546/540 BC, Miletus, Asia Minor) Nationality: Greece Category: Votaries оf Spirit Occupation: Milesian school, Philosophers Unique distinction:...

Thales – First Greek and Western philosopher and scientist

Thales Thales of Miletos (625/624 BC, Miletus, Asia Minor (Now Balat, Turkey) - 546/545 BC, Miletus, Asia Minor) Nationality: Greece Category: Scientists Occupation: Philosophers Unique distinction: First Greek and...

Herbert Spencer – Founder of Social Darwinism and Synthetic Philosophy

Herbert Spencer (27 April 1820, Derby, Derbyshire, England - 8 December 1903, Brighton, Sussex, England) (aged 83) Nationality: United Kingdom Category: Scientists Occupation: Sociologists, Philosophers, Psychologists Specification: Associative psychology Unique...

Muhammad – Founder of Islam

Muhammad Mohammed, Mohamet, Muhammed Abu al-Qasim Muḥammad ibn Abd Allah ibn Abd al-Muttalib ibn Hashim ibn Abd Manaf ibn Qusai ibn Kilab (April 20, са. 570,...

Buddha – The Founder of Buddhism

Buddha Siddhartha Gautama Buddha, The Buddha (Enlightened one), Tathagata (He who has come thus) (563 BC, Lumbini near Kapilavastu (now Nepal),  India - 483 BC, Kushinagar,...

Moses – Prophet, founder and Lawgiver of Israel

Moses Moshe (Hebrew name means "The one who draws out" or “child”), Moshe Rabbeinu ("Moses our Teacher"), Mūsa (Arabic) ( c. 1392 BC, Goshen, Egypt -...

William Stern – Founder of Personalistic Psychology

William Stern William Lewis (Louis) Stern (29 April 1871, Berlin, Germany – 27 March 1938, Durham, USA) Nationality: Germany Category: Scientists Occupation: Philosophers, Psychologists Specification: Personalistic Psychology, Differential psychology, Legal psychology Unique distinction: Founder...

Jesus Christ – Founder of Christianity

Jesus Christ Jesus of Nazareth, ( In Greek: Χρίστος translit. Christós - anointed, messiah) (c.1 or 6-4 BC, Bethlehem, Judea – 30/33 AD, Jerusalem, Calvary or Golgotha Judea,...

Gustav Fechner – Founder of psychophysics

Gustav Fechner Gustav Theodor Fechner (April 19, 1801, Groß Särchen, near Muskau, Lower Lusatia, (now  Żarki Wielkie in commune Trzebiel, Poland) - November 28, 1887, Leipzig,...

Zoroaster – Founder of Zoroastrianism

Zoroaster Zoroaster (Latinized from Greek variants), Zarathushtra (as he is called in the Avesta), Zartosht (Persian) (c. 628 probably Rhages, Persia (now Iran) -  c.551 BC)...

Franz Brentano – Predecessor of phenomenology and founder of act psychology

Franz Brentano Franz Clemens Honoratus Hermann Brentano (16 January 1838, Marienberg am Rhein, Hesse-Nassau Germany - March 17, 1917, Zurich, Switzerland) (aged 79) Nationality: Germany Category: Scientists Occupation:...