11.7 C
Chernivtsi, UA
Wednesday, August 23, 2017

Thales – First Greek and Western philosopher and scientist

Thales Thales of Miletos (625/624 BC, Miletus, Asia Minor (Now Balat, Turkey) - 546/545 BC, Miletus, Asia Minor) Nationality: Greece Category: Votaries оf Spirit, Scientists Occupation: Philosophers, Unique distinction:...

Herbert Spencer – The founder of Social Darwinism theory

Herbert Spencer (27 April 1820, Derby, Derbyshire, England - 8 December 1903, Brighton, Sussex, England) (aged 83) Nationality: United Kingdom Category: Scientists Occupation: Sociologists,  Philosophers, Psychologists Specification: Associative psychology Unique...

Buddha – Founder of Buddhism

Buddha Siddhartha Gautama Buddha, The Buddha (Enlightened one), Tathagata (He who has come thus) (563 BC, Lumbini near Kapilavastu (now Nepal),  India - 483 BC,...

Gustav Fechner – Founder of psychophysics

Gustav Fechner Gustav Theodor Fechner (April 19, 1801, Groß Särchen, near Muskau, Lower Lusatia, (now  Żarki Wielkie in commune Trzebiel, Poland) - November 28, 1887,...

Wilhelm von Humboldt – One of the Founders of Linguistics

Wilhelm von Humboldt Friedrich Wilhelm Christian Karl Ferdinand Freiherr von Humboldt (22 Junuary 1767, Potsdam, Prussia, Germany -  8 April 1835, Tegel, near Berlin Germany) Nationality:...

Rudolf Lotze – German philosopher, psychologist and physiolog

Rudolf Lotze Rudolf Hermann Lotze (21 May 1817, Bautzen, Germany -1 July 1881, Berlin) Nationality: Germany Category: Scientists Occupation: Psychologists, Physiologists, Philosophers, Physicians Specification: Empirical philosophy, Idealistic Monism. Unique distinction: Founder of metaphysical system: Theistic...

Laozi – Chinese Philosopher, Founder of Taoism

Laozi Laozi Lao-tse, Laotze, Lao-Tsu,  Laocius (6th century BC -According to Chinese tradition) (4th century BС - Another version) Nationality: China Category: Votaries оf Spirit Occupation: Spiritual teachers, Philosophers Specification: Taoism Unique distinction:...

Confucius – Chinese Philosopher, Founder of Confucianism

Confucius Kong Qiu , Kongzi , Kong Fuzi Kong Fuzi (September 28, 551 B.C. Lu, (now Shandong province) China -  479 B.C. Lu, China) Qufu,...

Anaximander – Founder of Cosmology and Hylozoism

Anaximander Anaximander of Miletos (610/609 BC Miletus, Asia Minor (Now Balat, Turkey) -546/540 BC, Miletus, Asia Minor) Nationality: Greece Category: Votaries оf Spirit Occupation: Milesian school, Philosophers Unique distinction:...

William Stern – Founder of Personalistic Psychology

William Stern William Lewis (Louis) Stern (29 April, 1871, Berlin, Germany – 27 March 1938, Durham, USA) Nationality: Germany Category: Scientists Occupation: Philosophers, Psychologists Specification: Personalistic Psychology, Differential psychology, Legal psychology Unique distinction:...