Creativity Creativity as the creation and realization of the Whole

Creativity as the creation and realization of the Whole

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Pagoda of Nikko, Japan
Pagoda of Nikko, Japan
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Creativity as the ambodiment  of the Whole

Harmonisation of Life Path  with the Universal Flow  (“The Book of Changes” (“I Ching”), 16th -12th  century BC);  Actions managed by the universal laws of the Tao, the implementation of the principle of non-actions (wu-wei) (Laozi, 6th  c. BC);  Imitation (Mimesis) (Democritus, Plato, 5th – 4th c. BC, Aristotle, 4th c. BC);  Actions in accordance with the divine cosmic plan, the subordination of nature, following the natural course of things (Stoicism, 4th  BC); Imitation of beautiful nature (Charles Batteux, 1746); “Creative synthesis” as the union of the physical elements and as qualitatively unique integrity that define an associative links (W. Wundt, 1880); The openness to the whole, achieving the unity and harmony with the primary entities of the Universe (H. Anderson, 1965); Integrating of  a separated parts of knowledge stored in the memory into a coherent whole (W. Keller, 1930;  M. Wertheimer, 1945); Finding a balance between subject and object, individual and the universe  (S.Arieti, 1976); “Transdimensional transition” from the disjunction to the conjunction, from opposition to the complementarity and to the creation of a metasystem (A.A. Koblyakov, 2003).
Creativity as forming and transformation. Integration of facts, impressions and feelings into a new form (J.D. Porsche, 1955); Creating a new and useful patterns (G.M. Read, 1955); Translation of knowledge and ideas into a new form (A. Duhrssen, 1957); Structuring and the transformation of a meanings of a text as a separate goal and the result of creativity (Roland Barthes, 1957; Julia Kristeva, 1971);  The ability to reformulate and reorganize (V. Lowenfeld, 1962);  Directed transformations through co-incidence, co-ordination and fittest (D. Feldman,1979);   Creativity is the process of generating unique products by transformation of existing products (P. Welch, 1980); Transformative Wisdom (W. Harman, H. Rhengold, 1984); Creativity as a transformative thinking (J.Wycoff, T. Richardson, 1995); Intention to transform the objective world, couple with the ability to decide  when this is useful  ( M. Runco,1996); Creativity is any act, idea, or product that changes an existing domain, or that transforms an existing domain into a new one (M. Csikszentmihalyi, 1996).

Process

Transformative thinking and insight. Immediately  visual grasping of the good structure through insight (W. Keller, 1917; N. Maier, 1931 K. Duncker, 1945; J.W. Schooler, J. Melcher, 1995); The reorganization, regrouping and centering of structures by choosing a good structure (M. Wertheimer, 1945);  Visual perception as the creating a complete images and immediate grasping of reality (R. Arnheim, 1954); The transformation of knowledge, creation of new patterns, a transformation of meaning  or use the functions of objects in a new way (J. Guilford,  1962, 1967);   Problem Solving as the process of integration, reorganization and restructuring of existing experience (M. D. Mumford, K. A. Olsen, L. R.James,1988); The transformation of conceptual spaces (M. Boden, 1990); Reorganization of habitual patterns and  creating a new “Mind Maps” (Tony Buzan, 1972, 1974); Insight as executing moves that maximally reduce the distance between current and goal state (J. MacGregor, T. Ormerod, E. Chronicle, 2001); The representational change theory – achievement of insight by geting rid of fixations, self-imposed constraints and interfering associations (R.E. Mayer, 1995; S.M. Smith, 1995; Knoblich, G., Ohlsson, S.,  G. E. Raney, 2001;  A.J.K.  Pols, 2002; M.A. Schilling, 2005); Evolutionary theory of insight  (Joseph Campbell, 1960; D. Simonton, 1995; A.J.K.  Pols, 2002; M.A. Schilling, 2005); The processes of incubation and insight in creative problem solving (S. Ohlsson, 1992; S.M. Smith, R.A. Dodds, 1999); Transformation of meaning as the creation of metaphors (D. S. Miall, 1983); Neurual model of insight (E.M. Bowden, M. Jung-Beeman, J. Fleck, J.Kounios, 2005);  Insight as the results of integration of explicit and implicit knowledge and CLARION theory ( S.Helie, R. Sun, 2010).

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