Lance Armstrong – Famous retired professional road racing cyclist

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Lance Armstrong
Lance Edward Armstrong, born Lance Edward Gunderson
(September 18, 1971, Plano, suburb of Dallas, Texas, USA)
Nationality: United States of America
Category: Athletes
Occupation: Bicyclists
Unique distinction: The only person to have won the Tour De France seven consecutive times (1999-2005), after having survived cancer. In 2012 he was stripped of his Tour de France victories after a doping scandal. Height: 1.77 m (5 ft 9½ in). Weight: 75 kg (165 lb).
Gender: Male 

Achievements:


Social and professional position: Armstrong is an American retired professional road racing cyclist.
The main contribution to (what is known): Amstrong have won the Tour De France seven consecutive times (1999-2005), In 2012 he was stripped of his Tour de France victories after a doping scandal. He have survived cancer.
Contributions: Armstrong is an American retired professional road racing cyclist. He is also the founder and chairman of the Lance Armstrong Foundation for cancer research and support.
Armstrong is the only person who won the Tour De France seven consecutive times from 1999 to 2005, and he did this after having survived cancer.
Lance Armstrong Foundation.
In 1997, Armstrong founded the Lance Armstrong Foundation, which provides cancer research  and supports people affected by cancer. The foundationhas raised more than $325 million.
In 2008 Armstrong bought several million dollars of stock in the American bicycle component manufacturer SRAM Corporation.
Honors and Awards: In 1999, he was named the American Broadcasting Company (ABC) Wide World of Sports Athlete of the Year. In 2000 he won the Prince of Asturias Award in Sports. In 2002, Sports Illustrated magazine named him Sportsman of the Year. He was also named Associated Press Male Athlete of the Year for the years 2002–2005. He received ESPN’s ESPY Award for Best Male Athlete in 2003, 2004, 2005, and 2006, and won the BBC Sports Personality of the Year Overseas Personality Award in 2003.
Major works: His memoirs It’s Not About the Bike (2000) and Every Second Counts (2003). Armstrong, Lance, and Sally Jenkins. It’s Not About the Bike: My Journey Back to Life.   Filmography as actor You, Me and Dupree (13-Jul-2006),  A True Underdog Story (18-Jun-2004).

Life:


Origin: He was a son of Lance Edward Gunderson a route manager for The Dallas Morning News  and Linda Mooneyham, a secretary.  Lance Armstrong’s mother was 17 when she gave birth.
Education: He attended a High School in Plano.
Career highlights:  Armstrong was a top amateur cyclist until after the 1992 Barcelona Olympics.  Representing the U.S., he finished 14th. This performance earned him his first professional contract with Motorola, riding alongside Sean Yates. After that in the same year he began his professional cycling career.
Armstrong had a very successful  year in 1993. winning In this year, he won ten titles  and stage races. In August 1993, the 21-year-old Armstrong became the World Champion in Oslo, Norway. In 1993 he became also the U.S. PRO Champion.
In 1994, he again won the Thrift Drug Classic and came second in the Tour DuPont in the United States.
He won the Clásica de San Sebastián in 1995, and this time won the Tour DuPont and took a handful of stage victories in Europe including the stage to Limoges in the Tour De France.
In 1996 he became the first American to win the La Flèche Wallonne,  again won his second Tour DuPont and had several career victories. In the same year he signed a two million dollar contract with the French cycling team, Cofidis.
In 1996 in the Atlanta Olympic Games he was only 6th in the time trial and 12th in the road race.
Armstrong’s cycling comeback after his cancer treatment began in 1998 when he finished fourth in the Vuelta a España.
In 1998 he also won the Tour of Luxembourg.
In 1999, he qualified for cycling’s most prestigious race, the Tour de France.  The total distance of this race is more than 2,000 miles.
On July 25, 1999, he became the second American to win the Tour de France and the first to win it for an American team.
In next year Armstrong won his second 2000 Tour de France. In 2001, he again took top honors, beating Ullrich by 6 minutes 44 seconds. In 2002 Armstrong won by seven minutes over Joseba Beloki. In 2003 Armstrong won his fifth consecutive Tour de France. In 2004, Armstrong finished first, 6 minutes 19 seconds ahead of German Andreas Klöden.
After winning his seventh Tour de France in 2005, Armstrong on July 24, 2005 announced his retirement.
After nearly four years in retirement, he un-retired and raced in the Tour de France again in in January 2009, finishing third.
Armstrong made his 2010 season debut at the 2010 Tour Down Under where he finished 25th out of the 127 riders that completed the race.
On June 28, Lance Armstrong announced  that the 2010 edition would be his final Tour de France. Between 2010 and 2011, he raced with the Team Radio Shack. He retired for a second time in 2011.
In 2012, a United States Anti-Doping Agencyinvestigation concluded that he had used performance-enhancing drugs over the course of his career and stripped Amstrong of all of his achievements after 1998, including his seven Tour de France title.
On Jenuary 2013 Lance Armstrong completes “emotional” interview with Oprah Winfrey. He confessed that some of the allegations were true. “I deserve this,” he said twice.
Teams: Motorola (1992-96), Cofidis (97), US Postal (98-04), Discovery Channel (05), Astana (09), RadioShack (10).
Personal life: Armstrong was born on September 18, 1971, in Plano, Texas, a northern suburb of Dallas. His father left his mother when Lance was two and has two other children from another relationship.
Armstrong refuses to meet his birth father and  has never seen him since. When he was three-years-old, his mother married Terry Keith Armstrong, a wholesale salesman, who formally  adopted Lance in 1974.
Linda and Terry later divorced, once again leaving mother and son on their own. Linda was devoted to her only child, and although money was tight she worked long hours as a secretary to make ends meet. Her determination and dedication proved to have a lasting impact on young Armstrong, Linda bought Armstrong his first bike, a Schwinn Mag Scrambler, when he was seven years old.
In the fifth grade he joined the local swim club where he quickly advanced. His mother told the New Yorker. “He has always wanted to test the boundaries.”
He began running and swimming at 10 years old. At the age of 12, he began his sporting career as a swimmer at the City of Plano Swim Club. He stopped swimming after seeing a poster for a junior triathlon which he entered and won easily. He took up competitive cycling and triathlons (which combine a 1,000 meter swim, 15-mile bike ride, and three-mile run) at 13.
At the age of 16, Armstrong became a professional triathlete and became national sprint-course triathlon champion in 1989 and 1990 at 18 and 19, respectively.
Soon, Armstrong chose to focus on cycling, his strongest event as well as his favorite.
After graduation in 1989, he was named to the U.S. National Cycling team and started working with Chris Carmichael who began coaching him.
He won the US amateur cycling championship in 1991 and since 1992  Armstrong began his professional cycling career.
In 1996 Lance Armstrong was diagnosed with cancer, and doctors told him he had a 50/50 chance of surviving. Armstrong underwent surgery, received high-dose chemotherapy, and eventually recovered.
In 1997, Armstrong began cycling again, and in the same year established the Lance Armstrong Foundation.
Armstrong met Kristin Richard in June 1997. They married on May 1, 1998 and have three children: Luke, born October 1999, and twins Isabelle and Grace, born November 2001. The pregnancy was possible through sperm Armstrong banked three years earlier, prior to chemotherapy and surgery. However the couple filed for divorce in September 2003.
Armstrong began dating singer-songwriter Sheryl Crow in autumn of 2003 and revealed their relationship in January 2004. The couple announced their engagement in September 2005 and their split in February 2006.
In October 2007, Armstrong and fashion designer Tory Burch ended their  relationship after several months. He also dated American actress Kate Hudson. On July 30 2008, a representative for Hudson announced the relationship had ended amicably. In December 2008, Armstrong announced that his girlfriend, Anna Hansen, was pregnant with his child.
The couple started dating in July 2008 after meeting through Armstrong’s charity work. Although it was believed that Armstrong could no longer father children, after having undergone chemotherapy, this child was conceived naturally.
The baby boy, Maxwell Edward “Max” Armstrong, was born on June 4, 2009 in Aspen, Colorado. And llater their daughter Olivia Marie was born on October 18, 2010.
Zest: Nickname: Tour de Lance. Armstrong was given a VO2 Max test to measure the amount of oxygen his lungs consumed during exercise.  He  has  aerobic capacity of 83.8 mL/kg/min (VO2 max), much higher than the average person (40–50). His levels were the highest ever recorded at the clinic. Moreover his heart is one-third larger than normal. Armstrong owns a coffee shop in downtown Austin. He also has become a popular Twitter user, with 3, 81 million followers as of October 2016.