Moshe Rabbeinu (“Moses our Teacher”), Mūsa (Arabic)
( c. 1392 BC, Goshen, Egypt – 1272 BC Mount Nebo, Moab ( now Jordan), or (1525 B.C.- 1405 B.C.)
Category: Votaries оf Spirit
Occupation: Spiritual teachers
Unique distinction: Оne of the founders of Jewish, Prophet, Founder and Lawgiver of Israel.
Achievements and contributions:
The main contribution to (what is known): Moses was one of the founders of Jewish.
Contributions: Moses was the great religious leader, lawgiver, prophet of the ancient Israelites and one of the founders of Jewish. Moses is remembered as the lawgiver of Judaism, and passed on his people the Ten Commandments from God.
He is the most important figure in Judaism, and also considered an important prophet by Christianity, Islam, the Bahá’í Faith, Rastafari and many other faiths.
He led the Jews out of slavery and into forty years of wandering in the wilderness across the desert towards the Promised Land.
Moses was 80 when in the wilderness of mount Sinai (Horev) Got appeared to him in a flame of fire in a bush and commanded him to lead his people out of slavery in Egypt to the Promised Land. Moses saw the burning bush and heard the voice of God. He asked God saying, my people shall say to me, “What is His Name”. “And God said unto Moses, I Am That I Am” Ex 3:13-14. (in Hebrew was, “Ehyeh Asher Ehyeh”). The flame-shaped Hebrew letters YHWH appear to come forth, out of the burning bush.
During the journey Moses went up to Mount Sinai, where he remained for 40 days and nights without eating or drinking. There God appeared to Moses in the form a fire, and a cloud, with thunderings and lightnings and carved His Ten Commandments on two stone tablets.
Moses brought the Ten Commandments down from Mount, but upon his arrival he saw that the people worshipping the Golden Calf. In anger, Moses throwed the tablets on the ground and broke them. After that Moses destroyed the calf. God later offered Moses to inscribe two other tablets.
The Ten Commandments, or Decalogue is a list of religious and moral imperatives that were gave by God:
1. I am the Lord your God.
2. You shall have no other gods before me and not make for yourself an idol.
3. Do not take the name of the Lord in vain.
4. Remember the Sabbath and keep it holy.
5. Honor your father and mother.
6. You shall not murder.
7. You shall not commit adultery.
8. You shall not steal.
9. You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.
10. You shall not covet your neighbor’s wife and anything that belongs to your neighbor.
The life and deeds of Moses is recounted in the books of Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy. The authorship of these and Genesis (collectively called the Pentateuch) has been ascribed to Moses since earliest times; hence they are called the Books of Moses. The first five books of the Bible are called Torah In Judaism.
Moses lived in constant touch with God, who guided him in leading all Israel out of Egypt and across the desert. God through Moses, made a covenant with the Hebrews, promulgated the Law, including the Ten Commandments, gave the criminal code and lays out rites of worship and laws of communal and personal behavior.
Moses in other religions.
Various religions and confessions parse the Ten Commandments differently. Thus Orthodox Christianity divided the second commandment on two parts, and combine this first part with the first commandment.
Feast: September 17 (new style) Orthodox Church.
Catholic and Lutheran combine the first two commandments and divide the tenth. Ten Commandments are substantially similar to the some verses in the Qur’an. So Moses is a figure of faith in Christianity and a prophet in Islam; the Koran’s account is similar to the Bible’s but less detailed.
Moses has also been an important symbol in American history. African Americans struggling for freedom from oppression have turned for inspiration to Moses.
Major works: Moses passed on his people from God the Law, including the Ten Commandments, criminal code, rites of worship and laws of communal and personal behavior.
Ministry and Life:
Education: Moses recieved exelent education in Egipt’s royal family.
Ministry: One day, God revealed himself in a burning bush and called Moses to deliver the Israelites from Egypt. Moses with his brother Aaron went back to Egypt and told the pharaoh of God’s command; when the Pharaoh refused to release the Hebrews from slavery, God sent the “Ten plagues”of Egypt to afflict the Egyptians.
After that the Pharaoh let them go, but then sent his army to destroy them.
Moses with the help of God parted the waters of the Red Sea to allow the Israelites to pass, then drowned the pursuing Egyptians.
During the journey across the desert they often rebelled against him, but by his intercession they were given manna for food. One day on the mountain, Moses witnesses God’s finger carve His Ten commandments on two stone tablets.
In his old age, when the Hebrews were at the Jordan River ready to cross, God gave Moses a view of the Promised Land from the mount Nebo, but he did not enter it a punishment for an earlier moment of disobedience to God. According to some reports, he had led to the Promised Land more than 600 thousand people. Moses died before he could enter the Promised Land at the age of 120 and was buried in Moab on mountain Nebo by God Himself, and his final resting place is unknown.
His story is filled with miracles and talks with God. Moses transformed his rod into a serpent and inflicted and healed leprosy, poured river water on dry land, changed the water to blood.
Personal life: He was born in Egypt during the period were Hebrews increasing in number. Pharoah Rameses was worried that they might help Egypt’s enemies and decreed death for all newborn male Hebrew children. Moses’ mother placed him in a small basket made of bulrushes and set him afloat on the Nile.
Pharaoh’s daughter found him, took pity and adopted him into the royal family.The Pharaoh’s daughter made certain that he had the best education. While at court, Moses was learned in all the wisdom of the Egyptians. Moses was a good soldier, and once, at the head of the Egyptian army, made a brilliant military campaign in Ethiopia and married an Ethiopian princess Farbis.
When Moses was 40 years old, he went to see how his brethren were faring. Seeing an Egyptian beating a Hebrew, he killed the Egyptian. Moses had to flee Egypt to escape punishment. Moses fled across the Red Sea and desert, where he was lack of water and food.
There he stopped at a well, where he protected seven shepherdesses from a band of rude shepherds. The shepherdesses’ father Jethro, a priest of Midian was immensely grateful for this assistance.
He gave his daughter Zipporah to Moses in marriage, adopted him as his son and made him the superintendent of his herds. Several years later, Moses and Sephora have a son, Gershom and then a second son, Eliezer.
Moses lived 120 years. Forty years he spent in the palace, forty – as a shepherd in the land of Midian and the last 40– he spent wanderings with Israelites in the Sinai wilderness.
According to the scriptures, he died in Moab at the age of 120.