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Ernst Weber - One of the Founder of Psychophysics

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Ernst Weber
Ernst Heinrich Weber
(June 24 1795, Wittenberg, Germany -January 26 1878, Leipzig, Germany ) 
Nationality: Germany
Category: Scientists
Unique distinction: One of the founder of Psychophysics, predecessor of experimental psychology.
Gender: Male
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Wilhelm Wundt - Founder of experimental and cultural-historical psychology

Wilhelm Wundt
Wilhelm Wundt
Wilhelm Maximilian (Max) Wundt
(August 16, 1832, Nekarau, near Mannheim, Baden -31 August 1920, Großbothen near Leipzig, Germany)
Nationality: Germany
Category: Scientists,
Unique distinction: Founder of experimental and cultural-historical psychology (Psychology of peoples), one of the founders of ethnopsychology, one of the father of modern psychology.
Gender: Male
Quotes: 1. Physiological psychology is, therefore, first of all psychology. 2. We speak of virtue, honour, reason; but our thought does not translate any one of these concepts into a substance. 3. The distinguishing characteristics of mind are of a subjective sort; we know them only from the contents of our own consciousness. 4. Our mind is so fortunately equipped, that it brings us the most important bases for our thoughts without our having the least knowledge of this work of elaboration. Only the results of it become unconscious. 5. The materialistic point of view in psychology can claim, at best, only the value of an heuristic hypothesis.
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Claude Bernard - Founder of Endocrinology

Claude Bernard
Claude Bernard
(July 12, 1813, Saint-Julien - February 10, 1878, Paris, France) (Aged 64)
Nationality: France
Category: Scientists
Occupation: Physiologists, Physicians,
Unique distinction: The founder of experimental medicine,  the founder of Endocrinology, the author of terms “homeostasis” and “milieu interieur”.
Gender: Male
Quotes: 1. Art is I; science is we. 2. Man can learn nothing except by going from the known to the unknown. 3. Men who have excessive faith in their theories or ideas are not only ill-prepared for making discoveries; they also make poor observations. 4. Observation is a passive science, experimentation an active science. 5. Particular facts are never scientific; only generalization can establish science. 6. A fact in itself is nothing. It is valuable only for the idea attached to it, or for the proof which it furnishes. 7. The experimenter who does not know what he is looking for will not understand what he finds. 8. The true worth of an experimenter consists in his pursuing not only what he seeks in his experiment, but also what he did not seek. 9. The great experimental principle, then, is doubt, that philosophic doubt which leaves to the mind its freedom and initiative, and from winch the virtues most valuable to investigators in physiology and medicine are derived. 10. Everything is poisonous, nothing is poisonous, it is all a matter of dose.
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Rudolf Lotze - German philosopher, psychologist and physiolog

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Rudolf Lotze
Rudolf Hermann Lotze
(21 May 1817, Bautzen, Germany -1 July 1881, Berlin)
Nationality: Germany
Category: Scientists
Unique distinction: German philosopher, logician and psychologist. German Idealistic Monism. Empirical philosophy.
Gender: Male
Quotes: 1.To do good to others and increase the sum of general happiness is the one task the fulfillment of which comprises all his moral obligation. 2. For all the laws of this mechanism are but the very will of the universal soul, nothing else than the condition for the realization of God. 3. ...how advantageous for the heart the simultaneous overview of huge spaces is; what a pleasure the ability to review a multiplicity of different objects in their reciprocal positions, as if embedded in a secure mesh of relations, is. 4. Every person, every generation poses questions not just to the being in its reality in itself, but in connection with the sense and value, in which the being confronts them through the life and history. 5. The constant whetting of the knife is tedious, if it is not proposed to cut anything with it. 6. Without a light-sensing eye, and a sound-sensing ear, the whole world would be dark and silent. There would be in it just as little light or sound as there could be toothache without the pain-feeling nerve of the tooth. 7. All the processes in nature are only understandable through the continuant involvement of God; only this involvement arranges the transition of the interaction between different parts of the world.
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Hermann Helmholtz - One of the greatest scientists of the XIX century

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Hermann Helmholtz
Hermann Ludwig Ferdinand von Helmholtz
(August 31, 1821, Potsdam, Kingdom of Prussia - September 8, 1894, Charlottenburg, Germany)
Nationality: Germany
Category: Scientists
Occupation: Physiologists,
Unique distinction: One of the most prolific and greatest scientists of the XIX century, “Homo Universalis”.
Gender: Male
Quotes: 1. The originator of a new concept...finds, as a rule, that it is much more difficult to find out why other people do not understand him, than it was to discover the new truth. 2. A metaphysical conclusion is either a false conclusion or a concealed experimental conclusion. 3. Whoever, in the pursuit of science, seeks after immediate practical utility, may generally rest assured that he will seek in vain. 4. Music stands in a much closer connection with pure sensation than any of the other arts. 5. The smallest quantity of alcohol scares away novel ideas. 6. Reason we call that faculty innate in us of discovering laws and applying them with thought. 7. There is a kind, I might almost say, of artistic satisfaction, when we are able to survey the enormous wealth of Nature as a regularly ordered whole a kosmos, an image of the logical thought of our own mind. 8. Every great deed of which history tells us, every mighty passion which art can represent, every picture of manners, of civic arrangements, of the culture of peoples of distant lands or of remote times, seizes and interests us, even if there is no exact scientific connection among them.
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