The Main Stages of Creativity

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Model of the creative process

The main stages of creativity and creative problem solving 

1. Saturation (preparation).
2. Incubation.
3. Illumination (Inspiration).
(H. Helmholtz, 1891, 1896).

1. Random combinations.
2. Selection
(A. Poincare, 1908).

1. Preparation.
2. Incubation (and Intimation).
3. Illumination.
4. Verification.
(G. Wallas, 1926).

Threeact of creativity:
1. Emergence of the idea.
2. Logical design of the idea.
3. Implementation.
(P.K.Engelmeyer, 1910; A.M.Bloh, 1920).

1.Inventing.
2. Examining
(K. Popper, 1934; H. Reichenbach, 1938).

1. Observation of the need.
2. Analysis.
3. A survey.
4. A formulation of all objective solutions.
5. A critical analysis of these solutions.
6. The birth of the new idea.
7. Experimentation selection and perfection.
(J. Rossman, 1931).

Two stages of creativity inspiration and elaboration
(Ernst Kris, 1952).

1.Orientation.
2. Preparation.
3. Analysis.
4. Ideation.
5. Incubation.
6. Synthesis.
7. Evaluation.
(A. Osborn, 1953).

1. Fact-finding.
2. Idea-finding.
3. Solution-finding
(A. Osborn, 1963).

1. Variation.
2. Selection.
3. Retention.
(Cambell, 1960).

Hypotheses generating and their verification
(A.T.Shumilin, 1969).

1. Logical analysis.
2. Intuitive solution.
3. Verbalization of intuitive solution.
4 Formalization of verbalized solutions.
(Y. Ponomarev, 1976).

MG Taylor Models:
1. Identity.
2. Vision.
3. Intent.
4. Insight.
5. Engineering.
6. Building.
7. Using.
(M. Taylor, Richard Goring, 1979).

1. Accept the situation (as a challenge).
2. Analyze.
3. Define.
4. Ideate.
5. Select.
6. Implement.
7. Evaluate.
(D. Koberg, J. Bagnall, 1981).

1. Random variation.
2. Natural selection.
(D. Campbell, 1960; D.K.Simonton, 1988).

1. Objective finding.
2. Fact finding.
3. Problem finding.
4. Idea finding.
5. Solution finding.
6. Acceptance finding.
(S. J. Parnes, 1967; S. G., Isaksen, D. J.Treffinger, 1985).

1. Frustration.
2. Regression.
3. Primary processes.
4. Revision
5. Resolution
(J.Harris, J.Harris, 1984).

1.Conception.
2.Gestation.
3. Parturition.
4. Bringing up the baby.
(F. Barron, 1988).

1. Conception.
2. Vision.
3. Current reality.
4. Take action.
5. Adjust, learn, evaluate, adjust.
6. Building momentum.
7. Completion
8. Living with your creation
(R. Fritz, 1991).

The Directed Creativity Cycle:
A Synthesis Model of the Creative Process:

1. Preparation (observation, analysis).
2. Imagination (generation, harvesting).
3. Development (enhancement, evolution).
4. Action (implemention, living with it).
(P. E. Plsek, 1996).

1. Preparation.
2. Incubation.
3. Insight.
4. Evalution.
5. Elaboration.
(M. Czikszentmihalyi, 1996).

1. Clarification.
2. Transformation.
3. Implementation.
(G. J. Puccio, M.C Murdock, M. Mance, 2007).

1. Clarification and identify the problem.
2. Research of the problem.
3. Formulation of the creative challenges.
4. Ideas Generation.
5. Combination and evaluation the ideas.
6. Drawing up an action plan.
7. Implementation of the ideas.
(J. Baumgartner, 2010).

Creativity and Problem Solving as a holistic process, which includes an interaction, overlapping and blending of the steps.
(C. Partick, 1937; M. Wertheimer, 1945; J. Hadamar, 1945; J.E.Eidhoven, W.E.Vinacke, 1952; W.E.; Chiselin, 1963; T. Amabile, 1966; J. W. Getzels, M. Czikszentmihalyi, 1976; Т. Lubart, 2003).

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