Unified (Integrative, systemic, multifactor, synthetic, synergetic, general) theory of Creativity
The history of development of the unified, universal theory of creativity
1. The unified theory of creativity which built on the laws of artistic creativity and on the R. Avenarius’s, E. Mach’s Principle of Economy of thought (A.A. Potebnya 1862; A.N. Veselovsky 1904; D.N. Ovsianiko-Kulikovsky, 1909).
2. Suggestion for the unity of the psychological mechanisms of phantasy, poetry, children’s play, adults day-dreaming and wit “Creative Writers and Day-Dreaming” (Sigmund Freud, 1908).
3. The general theory of creativity, based on the laws of artistic and technical creativity, created by a group of authors (I.O.Beletsky, I. Lapshin, A.L. Pogodin, V. Harziev, T. Rainov et al.) and set out in the 8-volume work “Issues of theory and psychology of creativity”, edited by B.A. Lezin, published in 1907-1923 in Kharkov.
4. Creating General Theory of Creativity “Evrilogy” combining technical, scientific and artistic creativity. The theory is based on intrinsic relationships between Nature’s creativity and the universal laws of the universe and general evolution of Nature (P.K. Engelmeyer, 1910; M.A. Bloch, 1920).
5. Independent theory of creativity, which is based on universal methodological principles and its own specific method (S.O. Gruzenberg, 1923).
6. Visionary creativity as a manifestation of the collective unconscious, space images and universal archetypes (C. Jung, 1930).
7. Creativity as a realization of innate structures and mechanisms: Mythological thinking (C. Levi – Strauss, 1931); Innate generative structures of language (N.Chomsky, 1955); Archaic thinking (M. Eliade, 1963); “The unconscious is structured like a language” (Jacques Lacan, 1979); The hidden, unconscious mechanisms and patterns of human knowledge (M. Foucault, 1966), Primitive, premordial thinking (S. Martindale, 1976,1990).
8. The Conceptual Model for construction of creativity theory, which is based on integrating four fundamental conditions of human existence, the “Logic of Life” (R. Mooney, 1957,1962).
9. A holistic model of creativity – 4 Ps, representing it as the interaction of 4 factors: process, product, personality and environment (process, product, person, press) (J. M. Rhodes , 1961); 4Rs (process, product, person, place) (R. Mooney, 1962; S.E. Golann, 1963).
10. The hypothesis of the unity of the mechanisms of artistic, inventive creativity and wit. Discovery of the universal mechanism ” bisociation” underlying all forms of creative activity of the personality (A. Kostler, 1964).
To be continued