Worldgenetic theories of Genius

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Запись 9 из 19 в теме Theories of Genius

World-centered approach reveals the essential criteria of genius proceeding from qualitatively specific laws and features of its manifestation in relatively independent phenomenological worlds in unique, autonomous spheres of reality.
1. Personological (from Lat. Persona – personality, person) theory of genius defines a genius as the top of evolution and the crown of  creation, as an original, unique identity, as self-sufficient personality having an extraordinary development, and specific  combination of integrated components as intelligence, traits, motivation and productivity.
2. Charismatic theory (from the Greek charisma – charity, gift, and grace) states that the essential feature of a genius is his magical gift of influence, spiritual charm, hypnotic power of domination, the ability to inspire, to fascinate and to lead people.
3. Shape-forming and transformative theory says that the essence of genius lies in formative power and in a form-creative power of a genius, in his ability to pacify chaos, to create new symbolic systems, artificial languages, art tools and techniques, and also to operate symbols, to shape raw material and transform the available content in a more perfect one.
3.1. The game theory of genius claims that a creative process of a genius is free from any everyday life bonds, a spontaneous and enjoying game with shapes, symbols and meanings. It is based on symbolic representation of reality, which opens up the possibility of a special, creative interaction with the world.
4. Activity theory considers the essence of genius from the point of view of a creative product is produced by a genius. It focuses on the importance of this product, its amount, and influence on his contemporaries and successors and on its contribution to the socio-cultural evolution of the mankind. According to R. Albert, the author of the behavioral theory a genius is a man who for a long period of time is doing a huge amount of work having a significant impact on other people for many years.
5. Cultural – creative theory directly links genius and creativity, which is a deep true nature of a genius, the substantial way of his existence and implementation. In its turn, creativity is the very essence of a genius, in which it reaches it’s the highest and perfect level of manifestation.
5.1. The theory of a universal creative method asserts that the essence effective kernel of genius  is a holistic, dynamic system of techniques, based on realizing of universal pairs of opposite, but mutually complementary mechanisms of creativity, which, in their turn, reflect the deepest structures, laws and trends of existence and development of the world.

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